peace and development
2014 could be a key year for the future development in Afghanistan. The war in Afghanistan has taken a terrible toll on its people. Over the last 33 years, no Afghan presumably within or outside of Afghanistan has been affected to be impacted by the war.
We know the situation in Afghanistan – war-like and brutal – is created by domestic and foreign governments. It can be reversed by the will and the actions of the (Afghan) people. Together we will continue to work for the right to self-determination, peace and freedom and a life in harmony with nature. We know that the pre-condition for this is to end the occupation by foreign troops and the war. For this reason we are once again calling for the withdrawal of foreign troops, immediate cease fire and respect to Afghanistan’s sovereignty. The proposed reduction of the NATO troops is not a withdraw of the interventional forces.
The future of Afghanistan must lie in the hands of Afghan people. It should be achieved through peace in line with their culture and United Nations Human rights declarations. The started negotiations and coalition building between the different societal and regliuse groups should be increased. Only together they find ways to peace in their country and the region.
We need a solution for peace not only for Afghanistan but for the region as a whole; all countries of the region have to be engaged.
We know very well that the path to peace is not an easy one, it has its challenges and is not going to be achieved without sacrifices.
We are convinced that peace in a free and self-determined, gender-just Afghanistan can only be achieved through active participation of civil society, especially including women. Further it needs to be supported by a wide international peace solidarity. A close partnership among all peace and freedom loving people (in and outside Afghanistan and their organizations) is vital in achieving this and any sectarian divide is very harmful.
The base of any fruitful help to Afghanistan must be the wishes of the Afghans and coordinated with local and regional communities. It should be help to self-help and channeled through a legitimate government in line with the country’s culture, human rights, decentralized, and grass roots structures. Education for girls and boys and health care are of highest priority. Neoliberal influence and plundering by foreign forces/companies must stop; an own path of development has to be taken. Sustainability of development is a must. NATO has to take responsibility for the catastrophic civil, economic and environmental consequences of the war – those who caused the damage have to take liability.
The exile Afghan community in Europe together with organizations of the European peace movement, supported by Afghan organization want to actively work towards peace in Afghanistan by conducting a conference Afghanistan 2014 Challenges for peace and development.
We will develop ideas and activities for a complete withdraw of all foreign troops and for supporting the transition process in Afghanistan for peace and development. Among others, the following questions should be discussed:
- What have to be done to empower governmental and non-governmental initiatives and structures for more independent politic to reach the complete withdraw of foreign troops and get back the full sovereignty of the country.
- How may a process of peace and reconciliation be shaped in Afghanistan which is inseparable connected with a process of security and cooperation in the region?
- Highlight work towards a regional conflict resolution under the integration of governments, national coalitions and civil societies/ peace movements. How in Afghanistan, may a process of reconciliation be shaped and authoritarian rulers to be overcome – namely either the government of Karzai, the warlords, or the Taliban or even all of them together (maybe even with Hekmatyār)?
- Which role play negotiations with “Taliban” (like among others the Shorish Plan). How can national coalitions be improved liked the National Front (FATWA against foreign troops) or persons like Faruq Azam?
- How can the violence against and suppression of women be stopped, how can emancipation, participation and empowerment of women in Afghanistan be advanced?
- From the perspective of forces of peace i.e. from the perspective of anti-neoliberal developing organizations, what can be done to reach a sustainable development in Afghanistan? What does “help for self-help” and independent access to resources mean today?
- Do we need a new definition of development in Afghanistan?
- How can self-subsistence and food sovereignty be reached?
- What does it mean for Afghanistan to overcome the neoliberal developing model?
- How can the process of the empowerment of people and especially for the women in Afghanistan improved?
- What can be done internationally to strengthen an independent civil society with its mainly decentralized projects?
- Which role should play international organizations, especially the United Nations, after the „post 2014“-process?
- How can the started cooperation of fragmented forces in exile communities as well as in Afghanistan increasingly enlarged and include new forces and coalitions for “participation and democracy, peace and development”. Does this need an international platform too?
The preparation of the conference is an open process. You are kindly invited to support and to participate in this process and to take the opportunity provided by the conference in Strasbourg.